What do you mean by Educational Psychology?
September 7, 2022 | by wikiedu.co
Educational psychology studies how people learn and how their learning experiences can be improved. It spans various fields, from early childhood education to post-secondary education. In this article, we explore the basics of educational psychology and give tips on becoming a better learner.
It is a relatively new field, dating back to the early 1800s. It has come to focus on how people learn and how their learning experiences can be improved. Educational psychologists study how people learn, how their learning experiences can be improved, and how different educational interventions (such as tutoring, classes, and software programs) can help students achieve their educational goals.
One of the most important aspects of educational psychology is understanding how students learn best. This knowledge can help educators create engaging and effective curriculums for their students. Educational psychologists also help educators identify and address any obstacles students may face when trying to learn.
What is Educational Psychology?
Educational Psychology is the study of how children learn and behave in school. It looks at how children develop, how they process information, and how they interact with others.
Some of educational psychology’s goals are to improve student’s learning outcomes, address school-based issues such as bullying and violence, and help teachers adjust their teaching strategies.
There are many different areas of research within educational psychology, including the following:
1. Cognitive psychology – This area of research investigates how people process information and learn.
2. Developmental psychology – This area of research looks at how children develop biologically and emotionally, as well as their socialization processes.
3. Educational neuroscience – This area of research investigates how the brain functions in relation to learning.
4. School psychology – This area of research looks at issues related to students’ school experiences, such as bullying and violence.
The Major Fields of Educational Psychology
Educational psychology is the scientific study of how people learn and develop in school. It covers a broad range of topics, from basic cognitive processes to the impact of schooling on individual development. Educational psychologists typically work in universities and other research institutions, helping develop new teaching and learning methods and theories.
One of the major fields of educational psychology is learning theory. Learning theory focuses on the mechanisms by which people learn and remember information. It explores how different elements of the environment—such as stimuli (things that are presented to students), memories, and thoughts—influence each other during learning processes. By understanding how students interact with these elements, educators can better design educational programs that will help them learn effectively.
Another major field of educational psychology is special education. Special education is designed to help students with disabilities learn in mainstream settings. Typically, this involves providing accommodations such as specially designed classrooms or assistive technology devices. It also involves working with parents to ensure their children receive the best possible education.
Educational psychologists also work in schools as teachers’ aides or School Psychologists. Teachers’ aides work directly with teachers to provide support and assistance during classroom activities. As School Psychologists, they work with students.
Major Methods of Research in Educational Psychology
There are many different methods of research used in educational psychology. One of the most commonly used methods is observational research. This research involves observing and recording the behaviours and thoughts of people participating in a study. It is often used to study how people learn and how schools can improve teaching methods. Another common method of research is experimental research. This type of research involves creating a situation where one group of people is given specific treatment, and another group is not given the treatment. Researchers then watch to see what happens differences between the two groups. Finally, there is survey research. This type of research involves asking people questions about their experiences or opinions on a certain topic. It can be useful for measuring attitudes or beliefs among groups of people.
Educational psychologists may also use other methods, such as case studies, to explore specific questions. Case studies involve examining a single situation and how it affects the individual involved. They can be useful for studying how different factors (such as stress levels or classroom settings) might impact student outcomes. Educational psychologists may also use neuropsychological methods, such as neuropsychiatric testing, to investigate cognitive abilities and mental disorders in children and adolescents.
What are the Goals of Educational Psychology?
Educational psychologists typically have two goals: to help students learn and to help educators design and deliver educational programs.
Educational psychologists may work with individual students, groups of students, or entire schools. Some educational psychologists specialize in one area of psychology (for example, cognitive psychology), while others are experts in several different areas of psychology.
Educational psychologists often work with teachers to improve the effectiveness of their instruction. They may provide feedback on student performance, offer advice on classroom techniques, or develop curricula. Educational psychologists also work with parents and other school community members to ensure that students are getting the best possible education.
How can Educational Psychology Help You?
Educational psychology can help you understand how students learn and how to help them best learn. It can also help you identify and correct students’ academic performance problems. Educational psychologists often work with schools, colleges, and universities, as well as parents and other caregivers of students.